Biedermeier style apartment interior
In the Biedermeier style, as in a kind of mirror, the architectural trends of the middle and end of the 19th century were reflected. Eclecticism or, as this period is now called, historicism reigned supreme in all forms of art; stylistic diversity manifested itself especially vividly in architecture. For Biedermeier, eclecticism became the main artistic and stylistic characteristic, which allows us to talk about it as a completely independent style.
In reference books and art encyclopedias, the following definition is given: Biedermeier (Biedermeier; German: Biedermeier) – artistic style, direction in German and Austrian art, (architecture and design). The word Bieder is translated from German as “simple-minded, philistine; thus, Biedermeier is the style of the “simple-minded Mr. Meyer,” a burgher, a small urban man.
His world is not a palace or a mansion, not a magnificent park with fountains and flower beds, but an apartment in a tenement house, a modest house with a garden, a family and a favorite pastime. After a decade of pan-European war unleashed by Napoleon, this world became especially dear to him. Comfortable and varied furniture, light upholstery, small paintings appeared. But the material arrangement of the “small world” is not yet a style. As a style in the interior, clothing, decorative and applied art, Biedermeier developed by the middle of the 19th century. And he became a style not of a small man, but of a wealthy burgher, a bourgeois.
As a practical man, the bourgeois preferred a “solid” environment, solid, durable and comfortable. But to all these requirements two more were added – the situation should be beautiful and demonstrative. The apartment and interior design should testify to the welfare of the owner, as well as everything that he owns. Luxury check out, luxurious woman. Female portraits of that time hit with an abundance of jewelry, furs, expensive fabrics. Biedermeier at its height – luxurious style. There is no cold restraint of the empire, there is no unbridled Baroque or mysticism of the Neo-Gothic. The “simple-minded Mr. Meyer” took from each great style what suited him, digested all this and created his own comfortable, cozy, soft style of the interior and life in it.
Interiors in the style of “Biedermeyer” amaze with an abundance of furniture and all kinds of small things. Against the background of light (usually striped) wallpaper with floral vignettes, there are numerous photo frames, small watercolors and prints, Japanese fans, embroidered paintings, openwork shelves with porcelain figurines. Dislike for the empty space is manifested in a large number of a wide variety of furniture: shelves, dressing tables, slides, tables for various purposes, which also have no free space. “Furniture trifle” complements the massive, but of good proportions, furniture sets, designed in the same style, made of expensive wood. Smooth lines, a minimum of decor, chiseled details distinguished furniture in the Biedermeier style.
A special and main role in the interior of the Biedermeier was played by textiles. Upholstery, curtains, curtains were often made of fabric with the same pattern. The floor was covered with a large carpet, but often a particular “sector” stood out with a rug over the main one. In the pattern of fabrics, wallpaper, carpets, floral motifs were preferred, and the colors were saturated and bright. Lamps under silk lampshades, flowerpots with exotic plants, vases with expertly selected bouquets are a cozy world of the “beautiful Mr. Meyer.”
This luxurious and comfortable world appealed to the average person so much that echoes of the Biedermeier style still sound. Art historians determined the years of his life: 1815-1848. But not a single style appeared immediately, overnight, and did not disappear just as instantly. Moreover, this cannot be said about the Biedermeier style. Its impoverished version – a sofa with rollers and pillows – little thoughts, lace napkins, flower pots on the windows and a round table under cloth shades – is remembered by more than one generation of Russians. No matter how vulgar and tasteless he was declared, he lived for a long time in Viennese bent chairs, dressing tables, wardrobe, heavy tablecloths, embroidered sofa cushions. European high-quality furniture of the 40s and early 50s is also from those times, for the first time that declared the preference for comfort over a large style. In the Biedermeier era, the production of multifunctional furniture began, instead of expensive and rare wood species, veneering began to be used, and industrial production furniture appeared.
To an inexperienced look, the Biedermeier style was born and existed “without parents” – architects, artists – decorators, without which no decent interior was imagined during the time of great styles. “Biedermeier” in its prime – it is brightness, bordering on motley, and the combination of inconsistent from the point of view of good taste, and the abundance of little things … But after all, there is also cosiness, comfort, logic, proportionality. For a modern designer, creating Biedermeier-style interiors is not an easy task, but one that can be solved.